postmodernism


postmodernism
   A term used to identify a broad movement across a number of fields including architecture, art and literature, that is united by its criticism of Enlightenment values and goals, 'postmodernism' entered philosophical use in the 1970s and is generally identifiable as involving a rejection of some or all of the following theories or entities: (1) the correspondence theory of truth; (2) metaphysical realism; (3) 'metanarratives' and universal principles of reason; (4) foundationalism; (5) essentialism; (6) the possibility of thought without language; and (7) the referential use of language. Postmodernism is closely associated with continental philosophy and, in particular, the work of leading deconstructionists such as Derrida. Many Christian critics contend that postmodernism is inimical to Christianity at a number of points including its denial of the existence of natures (essentialism) and the real reference of language (including the revelatory propositions of Scripture). Even so, a number of Christian philosophers including Merold Westphal have found postmodernism to be an ally in certain respects, including its critique of ontotheology and rejection of the search for a 'God's eye point-of-view'.
   Further reading: Caputo and Scanlon 1999; Crowther 2003; Silverman and Welton 1988; Taylor and Winquist 1998

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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